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JEA has a budget to pay for its business requirements to provide reliable services to our customers rain or shine, summer or winter, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. It is a responsibility we take seriously and includes ensuring the upkeep of our current facilities and technologies, planning for future growth and new technologies, and keeping pace with local, state and federal environmental requirements meant to keep our air and river clean.
Each year, JEA goes through a rigorous budget development process that begins months in advance of the beginning of the next fiscal year. Here’s a look at who works on and approves JEA’s budget and when each part of the process takes place.
March: JEA area directors and managers assess and document the resources they need for the coming year. Managers submit their budget requests to their directors, who in turn submit their budget request for their entire area to his/her manager on the Senior Leadership Team (SLT).
March/April: JEA’s Senior Leadership Team reviews the requests, makes adjustments if necessary, and drafts a preliminary budget. The SLT is made up of the Chief Executive Officer and the Operating, Financial, Compliance, Customer, Public Affairs and Human Resources Officers. There are also two Vice presidents - one over the electric system, the other over water and wastewater systems. JEA's CEO and finance staff then review the preliminary budget and budget assumptions for the coming year with the Board Finance and Audit Committee. Next, directors and managers are given budget parameters which are used to assess resources needed in the coming year.
April: JEA’s budget office refines the proposed budget based on projected revenues and expenses.
May: JEA Board’s Finance and Audit Committee is presented the proposed budget by JEA staff. The Committee reviews it and suggests changes for clarification or as appropriate.
June: JEA Board of Directors reviews and votes on the proposed budget, usually at the June Board meeting.
July 1: JEA’s CEO submits the proposed budget to the President of the City Council. The budget is then turned over to the City Council Auditors for review. They request clarification or additional information as appropriate.
August: Council Auditors review and discuss the JEA budget with the City Council Finance Committee. JEA’s CEO and Chief Financial Officer are present to answer questions.
September: Normally, at the first City Council meeting in the month, the Council holds a public hearing on the budgets for all City departments and independent agencies, including JEA. Later in the month, the Council approves the budget.
October 1: The new fiscal year begins and the approved budget is released.
JEA’s budget is divided into two distinct areas: the electric business and the water/wastewater business.The tables below show how the revenue was used to operate each business during fiscal year 2017. Following the tables is a general explanation of how the money was spent.
Electric Systems Revenue Uses a Total of $1,383,122,000
Taxes - 4%
City Contribution - 7%
Salaries and Benefits - 11%
Operations and Maintenance - 5%
Capital Investment - 14%
Debt Service - 20%
Fuel and Purchased Power - 39%
Water Systems Revenue Uses a Total of $462,674,000
Taxes - 2%
City Contribution - 5%
Salaries and Benefits - 12%
Operations and Maintenance - 23%
Debt Service - 25%
Capital Investment - 33%
Capital Investment: Money set aside to pay for additions to our systems. Having this fund allows us to pay for these items directly instead of borrowing money. This is the same idea as if you saved up to buy a car with cash rather than borrowing the money and paying interest.
City Contribution: The portion of JEA’s electric services budget that is collected by JEA for the City of Jacksonville to support general government services not related to JEA.
Debt Service: Repays loans for very large capital investments such as electric generation and substations or water and sewer plants. This is similar to your very large capital investments, most notably your home. A home purchase usually requires a mortgage that’s repaid in monthly installments over decades.
Fuel and Purchased Power: Fuel used by JEA includes coal, petroleum coke (a byproduct of the oil refining process), natural gas, diesel oil and residual oil. Fuel costs have been extremely volatile since 2003-2004, and fuel now takes a much bigger bite out of JEA’s electric system budget. This is an electric business expense only. Non-Fuel Purchase Power is usually to purchase electricity from another source that is less expensive than electricity that we can produce. This is an electric business expense only.
Operations and Maintenance: Materials and supplies to operate and maintain JEA’s systems once built, vehicle maintenance and repair, pavement repair, roof repair, etc.
Salaries and Benefits: Includes salaries and benefits for 1,922 employees.
Taxes: Money paid to the state and other entities in order to be your municipal service provider.