Charging an EV

How much does it cost to charge an Plug-In Electric Vehicle (EV)?

The cost of charging an electric vehicle will depend on the size of the battery in the vehicle. Electric vehicle manufacturers offer cars that have different size batteries. Here are some examples of EVs along with their battery sizes and the cost to fully charge the battery at your home:

EV's with battery sizes and cost to fully charge the battery
Year Make Model Battery (kWh) Charging Cost* All-Electric Range
2016 BMW i3 18.8 $2.26 81
2016 Chevrolet Volt 18.4 $2.21 53
2016 Ford Fusion Energi 7.6 $0.90 20
2016 Nissan Leaf 30 $3.60 107
2016 Tesla Model S P85D 85 $10.80 253

*the cost of $0.12/kWh is based on JEA’s residential electric rate plus fees and taxes

The cost of charging an electric vehicle is much less than many people would guess. When daily driving habits are considered, most people will not return home low on battery and will not even require a full charge. If you’re workplace offers charging then the need to charge at home is even less.

How do I charge a EV?

Charging a Plug-in Electric Vehicle is just like charging your smartphone: plug one end of a cable into your car – the other into an electric source. Once you’ve determined how frequently you’ll need to recharge, you can figure out where you will charge your vehicle. For many EV owners the best choice is overnight at their home. Others may have an employer who’s installed -- or is thinking about installing -- a charging station. If you drive a EV or are considering purchasing a EV, talk with your company about installing a charging station(s), especially if any of your co-workers drive a EV or are considering purchasing a EV. 

If charging at home, simply plug into a standard 110v outlet or purchase charging equipment that will provide a faster charge of your EVs battery. If your schedule means you drive additional miles in the evenings (maybe to soccer practice or the grocery store) then faster charging equipment may be the best choice for you. 

Where do I plug in my EV? 

You can plug your vehicle into a: 

  • Standard outlet (110 volt) found in any home or business
  • Dedicated charging equipment (either 110v or 240v) installed in your home 
  • Public charging stations located around town

Plug-in electric vehicles come with a cable that fits into a standard 110 volt electric outlet in any home. This is referred to as Level 1 charging. Charging equipment that operates off of a 240 volt connection, such as your electric clothes dryer, is referred to as a Level 2 charging. DC Fast Charging, also known as Level 3, is available on EVs equipped with fast charging ports.

What is the difference between Level 1, 2, and 3 charging? 

  • Level 1 EV Charging (110 volts): Charging your plug-in electric vehicle with a Level 1 charging cable is easy and can be done just about anywhere. This is the slowest method of charging and can take between eight and twelve hours depending on the size of the battery in the vehicle. The electricity used to charge the vehicle is part of the total household electricity bill.  
  • Level 2 EV Charging (240 volts): Connecting your plug-in electric vehicle to a Level 2 charging station/equipment will usually cut the total charging time in half when compared to Level 1 charging. However, within the home, the Level 2 charging equipment is an additional expense after the cost of the vehicle and could require a new electric circuit to feed the charging equipment from your electrical panel. A licensed electrician and building permit is required to complete the installation of a Level 2, home charging station and is similar to installation of any 240 volt receptacle such as an electric clothes dryer outlet. Public charging stations come in a variety of configurations with most offering both a Level 1 and Level 2 connection to a standardized receptacle on the electric vehicle. Note that these public stations will have a card reader to allow the vehicle owner to swipe a credit card and charge the EV. The electricity used to charge the vehicle is part of the total household electricity bill.
  • Level 3 EV Charging: A Level 3 charging station cannot be installed in most residential homes. These are found in public locations. Level 3 charging stations are the fastest way to charge your electric vehicle. Charging times typically take under an hour at these stations. They are commonly referred to as “fast chargers”, “superchargers”, or “DC fast chargers”. Level 3 stations are often pay-per-use similar to a parking meter. The electricity used to charge the vehicle is paid for when plugging the vehicle in through a charging network card or a credit/debit card.

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